PROUD TO BE RAMMIRAN:
The Nuer people are a Nilotic ethnic group primarily inhabiting the Nile Valley. They are concentrated in South Sudan, with some representatives also found in southwestern Ethiopia after they pushed off the Anyuak from their land. They speak the Nuer language, which belongs to the Nilo-Saharan family.
The nature of relations among the various southern Sudanese tribes were greatly affected in the 19th century by the intrusion of Ottomans, Arabs, and eventually the British. Some ethnic groups made their accommodation with the imperial attackers and others did not, in effect pitting one southern ethnic group against another in the context of foreign rule. For example, some sections of the Dinka were more accommodating,fearing to British rule and suddently leaving their cultures, taboos, norms ect and gets adapted to new Briish culture, norms, encouraging gays, lesbian than were the Nuer. The Dinka treated the resisting Nuer as hostile, and hostility developed between the two groups as a result of their differing relationships to the British.
Cattle have historically been of the highest symbolic, religious and economic value among the Nuer. Cattle are particularly important in their role as bride wealth, where they are given by a husband’s lineage to his wife’s lineage. It is this exchange of cattle which ensures that the children will be considered to belong to the husband’s lineage and to his line of descent. The classical Nuer institution of ghost marriage, in which a man can “father” children after his death, is based on this ability of cattle exchanges to define relations of kinship and descent. In their turn, cattle given over to the wife’s patrilineage enable the male children of that patrilineage to marry, and thereby ensure the continuity of her patrilineage. A barren woman can even take a wife of her own, whose children (obviously biologically fathered by men from outside unions) then become members of her patrilieage, and she is legally and culturally their father, allowing her to participate in reproduction in a metaphorical sense.
The people speak the Nuer language / Thoknath which belongs to the Nilo-Saharan language phylum.
The Nuer receive facial markings (called gaar) as part of their initiation into adulthood. The pattern of Nuer scarification varies within specific subgroups. The most common initiation pattern among males consists of six parallel horizontal lines which are cut across the forehead with a razor, often with a dip in the lines above the nose. Dotted patterns are also common (especially among the Bul Nuer.
Typical foods eaten by the Nuer tribe include beef, goat, cow’s milk, mangos, and sorghum in one of three forms: “ko̱p” finely ground, handled until balled and boiled, “walwal” ground, lightly balled and boiled to a solid porridge, and injera / Yɔtyɔt, a large, pancake-like yeast-risen flatbread.
Because of the civil wars in Southern Sudan over the past 50 years, many Nuer have emigrated to Kenya, Ethiopia and elsewhere. Approximately 25,000 Nuer were resettled in the United States as refugees since the early 1990s, with many Nuer now residing in Nebraska, Minnesota, Sag Harbor, NY, Iowa, South Dakota, Tennessee, Georgia and many other states, and some of them living in Canada, mostly in Toronto, Kitchener, Edmonton, and Calgary. There are currently (2008) over 20,000 Southern Sudanese in Australia, perhaps a third of these Nuer.
Some important Nuer politicians are Bul Nyawan who fought against the Khartoum government in Bentiu; he was killed in 1985 by the current president of Sudan. Commander Ruai and Leah Diu Deng were responsible for the attack that forced Chevron to suspend activities in the oil field around 1982.
Nya” (née ya) meaning “daughter of”, is the standard prefix used for female names. “Gat” meaning “son of”, is a common prefix for male names.
Children are commonly given names to mark historical events (“Dɔmaac” meaning “bullet”, or “Mac” meaning “fire or gun” given to a child born during times of war or from another man in the name of the deceased father who legally married the mother ).
“Nhial” means “rain”, and is a common name for males.
Many Nuer have been exposed to missionaries and carry a Christian first name. Their second name is a given name and always in Nuer. The father’s given name follows the child’s given name, which is then followed by the grandfather’s name, and so on. Many Nuer can easily recount ten generations of paternal lineage because they carry those names themselves.
When a Nuer comes to the Western world, which wants a first and last name, it is their custom to give their name as their first name followed by their father’s name as their middle name and their grandfather’s name as their last name.
Most Nuer people are named after their cattle. The boys usually chose the name of their favorite cattle based on the form and color of the ox. The girls are named after the cows that they milk. Sometimes the cow names are passed down.
NB: LOU NUER THE LIFE OF ALL NAATH.
AM SO HOPEFUL FOR THE COMING NAATH GENERATION TO RECOGNIZED THE POST UNFORGOTTEN EVENTS, YOU ALL KNOW WHAT I MEAN.