POLITICAL DISORDERS IN SOUTH SUDAN: READING SALVA KIIR’S MIND

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South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir (R) talks with Uganda’s President Yoweri Museveni during the Great Lakes Summit in Kampala on September 8, 2012. Regional heads of state began talks on September 8 in an effort to find a lasting solution to chronic unrest in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo. AFP PHOTO/PETER BUSOMOKE (Photo credit should read PETER BUSOMOKE/AFP/GettyImages)

POLITICAL DISORDERS IN SOUTH SUDAN: READING SALVA KIIR’S MIND
By Peter Adwok Nyaba
[This] thing (power) you are looking for; I will not leave it to anybody. I will dismantle the country by breaking it up; soak it in heaps of shit and filths until it smells bad; and after that I will cast it very far away so that you run after it; and whoever will get it shall find it impossible to govern.” This is one version of what President Salva Kiir Mayardit is said to have told Pagan Amum sometimes in March 2013. People may want to verify.
At times of extreme anger-induced weakness, utterances like the one above, coming from the president of the republic, is possible; but to it follow up with actions like what now constitutes the civil war, places the individual in a category that makes life of man solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short to paraphrase Thomas Hobbes.
President Salva Kiir is slow to anger or rather has patience of Job’s proportion, which people, more often than not, mistake for good heartedness. I beg to disagree. The nearly two year’s civil war, and how President Salva Kiir prosecuted it disproves the thrash. Yes, Salva Kiir is slow to act but does not forget and does not forgive and his actions are usually out of proportion.
He demonstrated his anger by dismissing Dr. Riek Machar as the Vice President on July 23, 2013. The military action on December 15, 2013 was to finish him up completely but instead resurrected Dr. Riek Machar politically; and that he negotiates peace and power-sharing with Riek Machar incenses President Salva Kiir into designing more stratagem in the military, diplomatic and political fronts.
The IGAD mediation spanned sixteen month until it collapsed simply because Salva Kiir wouldn’t countenance sharing power with Dr. Riek Machar. When Dr. Riek Machar rejected the non-executive Prime Minister [25 August 2014 Protocol Document] the focus then shifted to Intra-SPLM Dialogue and the Re-unification Agreement [21 January 2015] as a means of procrastination on the IGAD mediation until it collapsed on 6 March, 2015. The travelling by the FPDs component of the SPLM Tripartite Committee to Juba in the company of the Deputy President of South Africa, the Secretary General of CCM, the Foreign Ministers of Ethiopia and Kenya did not make any difference.
The failure of the Kampala Mini Summit to change the IGAD Plus Compromise Peace Agreement to the satisfaction of President Salva Kiir angered him prompting an initial refusal to, come to Addis Ababa and indeed, to sign the Agreement on Resolution of Crisis in South Sudan. The Intra-SPLM Dialogue and the Arusha SPLM Re-unification Agreement of 21 January 2015 have now been consigned to the dustbin of history ostensibly to prevent Dr. Riek Machar becoming president of the republic on account of ‘power succession’.
The ARCISS still gives Dr. Riek Machar the position of First Vice President and this is not acceptable. It is in this context that President Salva Kiir decreed the establishment of twenty eight states. The reservations he announced while signing ARCISS on 26 August was a precursor to the decree.
President Salva Kiir loathes taking responsibility and would like other people to take blames. This was very clear during the interim period (2005-2011) particularly in respect to the Population Census results and the nomination of Yassir Saed Arman as presidential candidate. It was known that the SPLM (IG) was divided to the middle over ARCISS and President Salva Kiir signed it in response to external pressure. In his thinking the establishment of the 28 states was to forestall ARCISS knowing that he will eventually bend to the pressure to rescind it but would have satisfied his internal detractors.
President Salva Kiir’s Establishment decree creates conflicts in certain places where traditional administrative boundaries have been altered. This calls to mind the quotation above. President Kiir would not mind ‘throwing out the baby together with the bath water and wash basin’. Scuttling the ARCISS is as appropriate as preventing Riek Machar ascension to power even if that meant creating conflicts between the different communities affected and conflicting over the 28 states. He will have endeared himself to the communities, especially the Jieng, whom he has awarded our communities’ ancestral lands in Raga, Wau, Bentiu and Chollo Kingdom.
Conflicts in different parts of South Sudan consequent to the establishment decree blends well with President Salva Kiir’s concept of state and exercise of state power since 2005, characterised by informalisation and personification. He is deliberately manufacturing disorders to conceal the patrimonial and particularistic nature of state. That is why I disagree with those who think that Salva Kiir does not know what he is doing. He knows very well and is doing it with the help of self-seekers. In the end Salva Kiir will blame it on all of them.

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2 comments

  1. yaba you are greedy person with out vision.you stolen our money went you are suspend of being a thief now u calims that president kiir can not forget or forgive how.you and your master riak macar make sure there is no more room to you guys otherwise fight your way