7702nd Meeting (AM)
‘Disappointed’ Permanent Representative Questions Text’s ‘Interference’, Motive
Expressing its deep concern at the failure of South Sudan’s leaders to end hostilities and fully implement the agreement on resolving the conflict in that country, the Security Council today renewed until 31 May 2017 a package of sanctions — including a travel ban and asset freeze — imposed by resolution 2206 (2015) on those blocking peace, security and stability.
Unanimously adopting resolution 2290 (2016) under Article 41 of Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, the Council also extended until 1 July 2017 the mandate of the Panel of Experts overseeing the sanctions, asking it to report, within 120 days, on security threats and arms transfers into South Sudan since the Transitional Government of National Unity’s formation on 29 April.
The Council condemned the continued and flagrant violations of the ceasefire provisions of the “Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan”. It also demanded that South Sudan’s leaders fully and immediately comply with the permanent ceasefire, in accordance with their obligations under that accord, and that it allow full, safe and unhindered access to help ensure timely delivery of humanitarian assistance to all those in need.
Reiterating that there was no military solution to the conflict, the Council expressed its intention to monitor and review the situation in South Sudan at 90-day intervals, or more frequently if needed, affirming its readiness to strengthen, modify, suspend or lift the sanctions in light of developments.
Speaking after the resolution’s adoption, Petr V. Iliichev (Russian Federation) said that sanctions could not replace serious political efforts. He recalled that his delegation had opposed expanding the sanctions regime to include an arms embargo, and emphasized that its support for the text did not imply agreement with all its provisions.
David Pressman (United States) said that, following the Transitional Government’s formation, “much, much more remains to be done”, reminding South Sudan’s leaders that there was no alternative to full and expeditious implementation of the peace agreement. The Council would be carefully monitoring the situation going forward, he added.
Amr Abdellatif Aboulatta (Egpyt), Council President for May, spoke in his national capacity, stressing the importance of international support for the Transitional Government, and the need for the Council to send positive and encouraging messages.
Joseph Moum Majak Ngor Malok (South Sudan) expressed “great disappointment” that the resolution failed to recognize his country’s sovereign right to govern and manage its own affairs without interference from the Security Council. He questioned the motive behind language in the text on the arming of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), saying that the country’s stability depended on its readiness to protect itself against aggression in a region awash with weapons. He called on the Council to engage positively with the Transitional Government as it implemented the peace agreement.
The meeting began at 10:10 a.m. and ended at 10:30 a.m.