December 18, 2017, The mass killings of the Nuer people in Juba the capital of South Sudan in the year 2013.
The killing of civilians and the coverup using lobbying groups is not a new thing altogether. This make Juba Nuer Genocide one of the less well-known Genocide of the twenty first century, which was the mass murder of about 50,000 thousand plus Nuer people in just 4 days of 16th – 20th December 2013. This happened at the time whereas, South Sudan was thriving to become a breadbasket of the East African nations.
In the early days of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement known as (CPA), the people of Southern Sudan regions were so much absorbed into session from motherly nation Sudan without thinking about what next for the nation that has not seen developmental efforts in the last 12 centuries.
One strong key element was that the so call self-governing body called ‘The Government of South Sudan’ (GoSS) under national transitional government hardly had any program for the South Sudanese e.g. hospitals, road, rails, and agricultural services, there’re completely nothing for chapter B. To me this by itself was a recipe for Genocide.
This went on for about 11 years to prepare for the utmost Genocide as it’s started in Wau the capital of the Western Bhar Elghazal the government security agencies and soldiers open live bullets fire on peaceful protestors in 2012, which followed by attack on innocent Murle tribe civilians by the government troops in Junglei State in 2012-2013 and that followed by what we now know today as Juba Nuer Genocide in late 2013, this act was defined in the African Union High Panel of Enquiry on South Sudan, by the African Union as a state policy in early 2015 just before a dead peace agreement was signed between SPLM factions such as SPLM/A -IO, SPLM/A IG & SPLM/A FD.
The Juba Government imposed exorbitantly grains quotas, and in some case they also stolen the aid packages from the UN on their way to the displaced persons, and the Nuer populations of the Greater Upper Nile States (Upper Nile, Junglei and Unity States) were all isolated from the rest of the country by armed conflict between the auxiliary forces called (JEC mi-BOR Ke Thuok Naath – in English called Mighty White Army) and the SPLA in Government in the region, so that the people could not go to the neighbouring countries where foods and shelter was available. The purpose of this act was for President Kiir regime to mass exterminate the Nuer people.
President Salva Kiir Mayardiit aim was to vanquish the Nuer Nation at large by means of direct killings, indirectly and by starvation due to environment not being safe for farming at the times of the conflict.
The consequences of the such crisis were obviously visible, such as mass displacement of the 4 million people and extremely high child mortality rate. So, the only way to feed people was an influx of people into neighbouring countries like Sudan, Kenya and Uganda whereby they hosted almost 2.5 million refugees currently.
However, by the end of the 2014 there were already 1.5 million Children out of school due to continued growth raging violence in the Greater Upper Nile States. In the following year two thirds of the Nuer pupils were already absent from school.
• The Juba Nuer Genocide is one of the worse Genocide of the 21 centuries
• The aim was to eliminate Nuer Nationalism
• Juba Nuer Genocide around the world it’s remained largely unknown because of pro-totalitarian sentiments in the Western society toward Africa in general
• The Western countries seem to opted for dictatorship, instead paving away forward for democracy to take place
However, later that year of the 2015-2016 a looming famine was declared by the incumbent president Salva Kiir Mayardiit in the troubled hotspots around South Sudan.
And international efforts to assist the displace persons internally and externally was viewed by the Juba regime as recipe for regime change, or propaganda against Salva Kiir Mayardiit regime in juba, which saw the government denouncing the aid assistance as anti-Juba regime propaganda, then they obstructed emergency relief efforts.
Therefore, the objective of obstructing the international emergency relief efforts was to wipeout the Nuer elites and their support based in order to kill off any possible political resistance. And also, the failed institutions of Salva Kiir Mayardiit Government have committed gross violations against the South Sudanese in all walk of life irrespective of their ethnicities.
Although, finally the war has spreads across the country as whole, with some parts of the country are worsening on daily basis. For example (Equatoria region) which composed of the three states of Central Equatoria, Eastern Equatoria and Western Equatoria has become a breeding place for terrorism, whereas the SPLM/A in Government dispatch their soldiers to murder, rap and tortures innocent civilians on daily basis on a pretext of being supporters of the rebellion movement in the areas.
However, in the region of Bhar Elghazal is no better, there’re communities fighting one another, across all four states, which are Lakes, Warrap, Northern and Western Bhar Elghazal States. The people of these four states do enjoy relatively little peace and stability than their neighbouring States of the Greater Equatoria and Greater Upper Nile States respectively, and this is due to the fact is that, most of the government officials in decision making are mostly from the Greater Bhar Elghazal region, which is home to the President Salva Kiir Mayardiit himself.
Although, the government officials do feel guilt (About the Genocide) but they do not want anyone by any mean to know about what had happened in Juba, South Sudan 2013.
The memories of the Genocide remain fresh in the Nuer and other tribes in South Sudan, in which causing a lingering anti-Salva Kiir regime sentiment. The former Vice President of the Republic of South Sudan, Dr Riek Machar Teny, has drawn much attention to it since the outbreak of the civil war on 15 December 2013, however no one seem to pay much attention to it, rather than the jobseekers organisation called Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD).
Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) has taken the case of South Sudan for granted since 2014 up to now, they have achieved nothing nor peace, apart from fattening their pockets, this jobseeker organisation should not continue with the revitalization of a dead peace, there should be new body to be responsible for the peace negotiations.
Therefore, I personally insist that the world at large should learn the truth about the crimes against humanity, that is committed by the regime in Juba. Because this is the only way that justice can prevail, and ensure that’s all the criminals would no longer be emboldened by indifference.
‘God bless South Sudan’
‘Long live South Sudan’
(Can be reached on below contacts)
Gatluak Deng Gai
CEO/Cofounder of (SSAG) – South Sudan Advocacy Group.