The Egyptian Antenov is bombarding the SPLA-IO positions at Jonglei Canal, Doleib Hills, Wau Shulluk and Owach

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Press release
By Col. William Gatjiath Deng
Spokesperson for SPLA-IO

At around 8:00am yesterday morning February 08, 2017, a combination of Juba regime soldiers and Sudanese rebels relocated from Unity State to Upper Nile State attacked the gallant SPLA-IO position at Owach from the directions of Makal (Malakal).

The aggressive gallant SPLA-IO forces responded by repulsing the Juba regime attacks and pursuing them back to their Lelo and Warjuok bases. In the fighting, the gallant SPLA-IO forces counted more than ninety eight (98) Juba regime soldiers, let alone those seriously wounded and abandoned in the surrounding forest. In the same fighting, more than three hundred and ninety two (292) different types of guns were captured in good condition.

At the time of the press this morning, another attack from the ruthless regime came accidentally in and around, Wunkur Payam Panyikang County. In that attack, (2) Military Land crussers and (1) Tank (barge) captured in good condition and the gallant SPLA-IO forces of sector (1) pursued them toward Jaamjang Payam of Parieng county and it is believed that the Sudanese rebels camp situated at Jaamjang must set to fire early in the morning and I will continue updating on the latest developments.

In addition, at around 5:00am this morning February 09, 2017, the same brutal and ruthless Juba regime shelled and attacked the densely civilian populated Wau Shulluk, and displaced thousands. In an effort to protect the devastated civilian, the gallant SPLA-IO forces intervened, repulsed the merciless Juba regime assault and pushed their insidious Sudanese rebels of the Justice and Equality (JEM) and SPLA-North (SPLM-N) towards the River Nile River where most are believed to have drown. The Juba regime is now escalating the war, while Mr Salva Kiir Mayardit is still trying his level best to continue fooling the region, African Union (AU), United Nations (UN) and the international community into believing that there is no fighting in South Sudan and that the dead agreement is being implemented.

As we speak now, the Egyptian Antenov is bombarding the SPLA-IO positions at Jonglei Canal, Doleib Hills, Wau Shulluk and Owach. the Egyptian Antenov has drooped explosives bombs (4) times from 10:00am, up to now it is still bombarding in the same positions. It is remains unclear what the Egyptian wants, regional war or what?


Letter from a Pregnant Nun who was Raped

Here is an extraordinary letter written by a young nun, Sister Lucy Vertrusc, to her mother superior. Sister Vertrusc became pregnant after she was raped in 1995 during the war in the former Yugoslavia. The letter appeared in an Italian newspaper at the behest of her Mother Superior.

“I am Lucy, one of the young nuns raped by the Serbian soldiers. I am writing to you, Mother, after what happened to my sisters Tatiana, Sandria, and me.
Allow me not to go into the details of the act. There are some experiences in life so atrocious that you cannot tell them to anyone but God, in whose service I had consecrated my life nearly a year ago.
My drama is not so much the humiliation that I suffered as a woman, not the incurable offense committed against my vocation as a religious, but the difficulty of having to incorporate into my faith an event that certainly forms part of the mysterious will of Him whom I have always considered my Divine Spouse.
Only a few days before, I had read “Dialogues of Carmelites” and spontaneously I asked our Lord to grant me the grace of joining the ranks of those who died a martyr of Him. God took me at my word, but in such a horrid way! Now I find myself lost in the anguish of internal darkness. He has destroyed the plans of my life, which I considered definitive and uplifting for me, and He has set me all of a sudden in this design of His that I feel incapable of grasping.
When I was a teenager, I wrote in my Diary: Nothing is mine, I belong to no one, and no one belongs to me. Someone, instead grabbed me one night, a night I wish never to remember, tore me off from myself, and tried to make me his own . . .
It was already daytime when I awoke and my first thought was the agony of Christ in the Garden. Inside of me a terrible battle unleashed. I asked myself why God had permitted me to be rent, destroyed precisely in what had been the meaning of my life, but also I asked to what new vocation He was calling me.
I strained to get up, and helped by Sister Josefina, I managed to straighten myself out. Then the sound of the bell of the Augustinian convent, which was right next to ours, reached my ears. It was time for nine o’clock matins.
I made the sign of the cross and began reciting in my head the liturgical hymn. At this hour upon Golgotha’s heights,/ Christ, the true Pascal Lamb,/ paid the price of our salvation.
What is my suffering, Mother, and the offense I received compared to the suffering and the offense of the One for whom I had a thousand times sworn to give my life. I spoke these words slowly, very slowly: May your will be done, above all now that 1 have no where to go and that I can only be sure of one thing: You are with me.
Mother, I am writing not in search of consolation, but so that you can help me give thanks to God for having associated me with the thousands of my fellow compatriots whose honor has been violated, and who are compelled to accept a maternity not wanted. My humiliation is added to theirs, and since I have nothing else to offer in expiation for the sin committed by those unnamed violators and for the reconciliation of the two embittered peoples, I accept this dishonor that I suffered and I entrust it to the mercy of God.
Do not be surprised, Mother, when I ask you to share with me my “thank you” that can seem absurd.
In these last months I have been crying a sea of tears for my two brothers who were assassinated by the same aggressors who go around terrorizing our towns, and I was thinking that it was not possible for me to suffer anything worse, so far from my imagination had been what was about to take place.
Every day hundreds of hungering creatures used to knock at the doors of our convent, shivering from the cold, with despair in their eyes. Some weeks ago, a young boy about eighteen years old said to me: How lucky you are to have chosen a refuge where no evil can reach you. The boy carried in his hands a rosary of praises for the Prophet. Then he added: You will never know what it means to be dishonored.
I pondered his words at length and convinced myself that there had been a hidden element to the sufferings of my people that had escaped me as I was almost ashamed to be so excluded. Now I am one of them, one of the many unknown women of my people, whose bodies have been devastated and hearts seared. The Lord had admitted me into his mystery of shame. What is more, for me, a religious, He has accorded me the privilege of being acquainted with evil in the depths of its diabolical force.

I know that from now on the words of encouragement and consolation that I can offer from my poor heart will be all the more credible, because my story is their story, and my resignation, sustained in faith, at least a reference, if not example for their moral and emotional responses.
All it takes is a sign, a little voice, a fraternal gesture to set in motion the hopes of so many undiscovered creatures.
God has chosen me-may He forgive my presumption-to guide the most humble of my people towards the dawn of redemption and freedom. They can no longer doubt the sincerity of my words, because I come, as they do, from the outskirts of revilement and profanation.

I remember the time when I used to attend the university at Rome in order to get my masters in Literature, an ancient Slavic woman, the professor of Literature, used to recite to me these verses from the poet Alexej Mislovic: You must not die/because you have been chosen/ to be a part of the day.
That night, in which I was terrorized by the Serbs for hours and hours, I repeated to myself these verses, which I felt as balm for my soul, nearly mad with despair.
And now, with everything having passed and looking back, I get the impression of having been made to swallow a terrible pill.
Everything has passed, Mother, but everything begins. In your telephone call, after your words of encouragement, for which I am grateful with all my life, you posed me a very direct question: What will you do with the life that has been forced into your womb? I heard your voice tremble as you asked me the question, a question I felt needed no immediate response; not because I had not yet considered the road I would have to follow, but so as not to disturb the plans you would eventually have to unveil before me. I had already decided. I will be a mother. The child will be mine and no one else’s. I know that I could entrust him to other people, but he-though I neither asked for him nor expected him-he has a right to my love as his mother. A plant should never be torn from its roots. The grain of wheat fallen in the furrow has to grow there, where the mysterious, though iniquitous sower threw it.
I will fulfill my religious vocation in another way. I will ask nothing of my congregation, which has already given me everything. I am very grateful for the fraternal solidarity of the Sisters, who in these times have treated me with the utmost delicacy and kindness, especially for never having asked any uncareful questions.
I will go with my child. I do not know where, but God, who broke all of a sudden my greatest joy, will indicate the path I must tread in order to do His will.
I will be poor again, I will return to the old aprons and the wooden shoes that the women in the country use for working, and I will accompany my mother into the forest to collect the resin from the slits in the trees.
Someone has to begin to break the chain of hatred that has always destroyed our countries. And so, I will teach my child only one thing: love. This child, born of violence, will be a witness along with me that the only greatness that gives honor to a human being is forgiveness.

Through the Kingdom of Christ for the Glory of God.”

The New Wave of Entrepreneurship


by Thomas Evans

BY MATT SWANSON – MANAGING PARTNER @ SILICON VALLEY SOFTWARE GROUP (at SUMIS we realise this article was written some time ago but feel it is still relevant for the Spanish Start Up Ecosystem given the time lag between it and Silicon Valley).

(En Español a bajo) Original Article at:

#CEO #Entrepreneur #SiliconValley

There is a multi-trillion dollar economy opening up to technology faster than ever. It has been driven by trends that have changed the nature of how entrepreneurs will be characterized going forward; specifically, industry executives will be the next wave of in-demand startup CEOs.


In April of 2007, Apple changed everything with the launch of the iPhone. It is hard to imagine that it has only been 8 years since the release of the first truly pervasive smartphone, but there is no denying its impact has been world-changing. Beyond the creation of a new dimension of industry-driven, by location-based, services (and with it, a myriad of billion dollar companies), an equally significant phenomenon emerged. By creating technology that was intuitive to the consumer masses, every person around the world started to embrace technology as more than just a work tool. Lawyers, doctors, car mechanics and people from every sector of the economy not only had a tool for productivity, but a piece of technology in their pocket they embraced as an intimate part of their lives.

Furthermore, these new consumers could now point to a standard for usable technology. Cumbersome, enterprise legal software that won’t allow a lawyer to search cases from outside the office is no longer acceptable. For those outside of the Silicon Valley silo, conversations can be heard from construction workers sitting on a lunch break saying “Wouldn’t it be nice if there was an app to …”. Unfortunately, these conversations are often too far away from Silicon Valley’s ears, which are still dominated by the talk of what will be the next WhatsApp or Instagram. Even so, a new breed of entrepreneur is emerging who see firsthand the challenges in their industry, and with that the opportunity to make a world-changing impact, and these entrepreneurs do not fit the founder archetype that many Silicon Valley investors look for.


Photos from,,, and

Previous decades saw similar shifts in entrepreneur characterizations. The late 90s were about Harvard MBAs applying traditional management techniques to leverage brand new Internet technologies. The “aughts” brought on the “22 year-old Stanford Computer Science” graduate applying technology to a low hanging industry. Now, in this decade, we are seeing a new wave of entrepreneurship driven by industry executives with deep product backgrounds leveraging technology to disrupt a traditionally non-tech industry.

For the past 2 years I’ve had the opportunity to see this shift firsthand as the managing partner of Silicon Valley Software Group (SVSG), a firm of CTOs focused on helping companies with their technology strategy. SVSG has seen entrepreneurs ranging from movie producers, lead singers of platinum album rock bands, travel executives, and hedge fund managers all trying to figure out how to leverage their domain expertise through technology. After a number of similar engagements, a few observations have emerged:

In each venture, a product-focused entrepreneur saw the adoption of technology among their peers in a particular industry and, with that, the opportunity to create a product focused on that industry.

None of these entrepreneurs had notable tech experience.

Hardly ANY of these high profile individuals had relevant connections with the Silicon Valley community.

This last observation is of particular importance!

As tunnel-visioned as Silicon Valley might be, there is a reason that it has produced so many world-changing companies.

The combination of growth capital, multidisciplinary talent, and mentors sharing best practices around how to create hyper-growth businesses are often taken for granted by those who are part of the ecosystem. However, the disconnect between Silicon Valley natives and outsiders is shocking. Many of the companies SVSG has come across have no ability to raise strategic capital at first because their businesses are too risky when considering common pitfalls they are more likely to fall into compared with their Valley peers. Concepts as commonplace as the lean startup methodology are welcomed as sage insight to these new entrepreneurs.

What is missing for these new founders is a bridge into Silicon Valley. To date, this has been stymied by a narrow mindset from the Silicon Valley community. However, the forces of capitalism will eventually prevail and these new entrepreneurs will find their own community to center around. Keen investors will lead the herd and take advantage of existing markets ripe for change. Incubators and accelerators will emerge with a focus on entrepreneurs with deep industry experience. We are in a tech boom right now and there are countless ways to apply technology to industries that haven’t changed in decades. For those sitting in the corner office, the time has come to venture out, there are markets to disrupt.



The world’s leading brands hire Toptal engineers, and so can you.


La economía del siglo XXI, con un coste de varios billones de dólares, ha permitido que la tecnología tenga una mayor apertura. Esta ha sido impulsada por tendencias que han cambiado la naturaleza de los empresarios; especialmente, cómo estos serán caracterizados en un futuro. Asimismo, serán los ejecutivos industriales con potencial en el ámbito tecnológico, los más demandados por startups emergentes.

En el 2007, Apple reformó completamente la industria tecnológica con el lanzamiento del iPhone. Es difícil imaginar que tan sólo han pasado ocho años desde el lanzamiento del primer smartphone mejor vendido, sin embargo, no se puede negar su impacto en todo el mundo. Más allá de la creación de una nueva dimensión científica, surgió un fenómeno mundial que cambió tanto el destino de los teléfonos móviles como el de la industria tecnológica. Mediante la creación de tecnología intuitiva para las masas, los consumidores empezaron a verla como algo más que una simple herramienta laboral. Economistas, abogados, médicos,ingenieros y personas de todos los sectores económicos no sólo tenían una herramienta para la productividad, sino una indispensable pieza tecnológica que adoptaron como algo indispensable en sus vidas.

Por eso mismo, estos consumidores pueden ahora apuntar hacia ahora hacia un nuevo estándar de ciencia utilizable. Hay que recordar que la tecnología es un fenómeno cambiante que necesita de constante renovación. El software legal engorroso que no permita al abogado buscar casos fuera de la oficina ya no es aceptable. Para aquellos fuera del silo de Silicon Valley, entre las conversaciones que se pueden escuchar durante el almuerzo, un trabajador podrá decir: “¿No sería bueno si hubiera una aplicación para… ?”. Por desgracia, estas conversaciones ocurren a menudo demasiado lejos de los oídos de Silicon Valley; que todavía está dominada por la charla de lo que será el próximo WhatsApp o Instagram. Aun así, un nuevo tipo de empresario está emergiendo y reaccionando a los retos que desafían a su sector. No obstante, a pesar de que estos empresarios cuenten con bastante iniciativa y con oportunidades de hacer un impacto para cambiar el mundo, muchas veces, estos ejecutivos no encajan dentro del arquetipo fundador que muchos inversores de Silicon Valley buscan.

Décadas anteriores vieron cambios similares en las caracterizaciones del empresario. Durante los años 90, cobra auge el MBA de Harvard el cual aplica técnicas de gestión tradicionales para aprovechar las tecnologías novedosas de internet. Por otra parte, la primera década del siglo XXI trajo consigo la “Ciencia de la Computación de Stanford de 22 años” la cual aplicó tecnología a una industria inestable. Ahora, en esta década, estamos respondiendo a una nueva ola de la iniciativa empresarial compuesta por ejecutivos de la industria de la ciencia, con la intención de impulsar la tecnología aún más y deshacerse de cualquier industria no tecnológica.

Durante los últimos 2 años he tenido la oportunidad de ver de primera mano este cambio como el socio gerente de Silicon Valley Software Group (SVSG), una firma de directores enfocada en ayudar a las empresas con su estrategia de tecnología. SVSG ha visto empresarios que van desde productores de cine y vocalistas de las bandas de rock más famosas, hasta ejecutivos de viajes y gerentes de fondos; todos tratando de mejorar en su área a través del uso de la tecnología. Después de una serie de compromisos similares, surgieron algunas observaciones:

En cada compañía, los empresarios miran como la adopción de la tecnología crea nuevas oportunidades. Por consiguiente, los ejecutivos se concentran en un producto en específico el cual surja de esta apertura científica. Sin embargo, he podido notar que estos empresarios no tenían mayor experiencia con la tecnología. Es más, la mayoría de estos empresarios no tenían conexiones pertinentes con la comunidad de Silicon Valley. Y fue entrar a este círculo lo cual les permitió darse cuenta de las oportunidades que la ciencia de la tecnología presenta.

La combinación de capital de crecimiento, el talento multidisciplinar y mentores que fomentan mejores prácticas en base a cómo crear un hiper-crecimiento, es comúnmente dado por sentado por empresarios que forman parte del ecosistema. Sin embargo, la desconexión entre los que forman parte de Silicon Valley y los que se encuentran afuera es impactante. Muchas de las empresas que SVSG ha encontrado no tienen la capacidad de reunir capital estratégico en un primer inicio debido a que sus negocios son demasiado arriesgados en cuanto a ciertos errores comunes que las compañías de Silicon Valley no cometen. Por esto mismo, conceptos tan simples como la metodología de lean startup son bienvenidos para impulsar a estos empresarios no nativos de Silicon Valley.

Estos nuevos fundadores tienen ahora como misión crear un vínculo más fuerte con Silicon Valley. Hasta la fecha, esto se ha visto obstaculizado debido de la mentalidad estrecha de esta región. Sin embargo, las fuerzas del capitalismo se impondrán y estos nuevos empresarios encontrarán su propia comunidad para colocarse alrededor. Los inversores de Keen guiarán a la manada y aprovecharán los mercados existentes para generar el cambio. Incubadoras y aceleradores surgirán con enfoque en los empresarios con experiencia en la industria tecnológica. Nos encontramos en un boom de tecnología el cual ha permitido la apertura de un sinnúmero de maneras de aplicar esta a industrias las cuales no han demostrado ningún cambio en las últimas décadas. Para los que están sentados en la oficina de la esquina, ha llegado el momento de salir porque hay mercados para interrumpir.

Russian Jet Crashes in Black Sea, 92 Aboard Believed Dead

xian-h-6In this photo taken on Thursday, March 31, 2016, the Alexandrov Ensemble choir performs during a concert in Moscow, Russia. The Associated Press
In this photo taken on Thursday, March 31, 2016, the Alexandrov Ensemble choir performs during a concert in Moscow, Russia. A Russian plane with 92 people aboard, including the well-known military band, crashed into the Black Sea on its way to Syria on Sunday, Dec. 25, minutes after takeoff from the resort city of Sochi, the Defense Ministry said. The Tu-154, which belonged to the ministry, was taking the Alexandrov Ensemble to a concert at the Russian air base in Syria.

Backed by ships, helicopters and drones, Russian rescue teams searched for victims in the Black Sea after a Russian plane carrying 92 people to Syria crashed Sunday shortly after takeoff from Sochi. Investigators said they are looking into every possible cause for the crash, including a terror attack.

All 84 passengers and eight crew members on board the Tu-154 plane operated by the Russian military are believed to have died when it fell into the sea two minutes after taking off in good weather from the southern Russian city. Emergency crews found fragments of the plane about 1.5 kilometers (less than one mile) from shore. By Sunday afternoon, rescue teams had already recovered 10 bodies.

Asked if a terror attack was a possibility, Transport Minister Maxim Sokolov said in Sochi that investigators were looking into every possible reason.

The plane belonged to the Defense Ministry and was taking its world famous army choir, the Alexandrov Ensemble, to a New Year’s concert at Hemeimeem air base in Syria’s coastal province of Latakia. Those on board also included nine Russian journalists and a Russian doctor famous for her work in war zones.

Russian President Vladimir Putin went on television to declare Monday a nationwide day of mourning.

“We will conduct a thorough investigation into the reasons and will do everything to support the victims’ families,” Putin said.

Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev described the crash as a “terrible tragedy.”

More than 3,000 people — including dozens of divers — worked from 27 ships and several helicopters to search the crash site, according to the Defense Ministry. Drones were also flown over to help spot bodies and debris. About 100 more divers were being flown in from naval facilities across Russia, and powerful spotlights were brought in so the search could continue around the clock.

Magomed Tolboyev, a decorated Russian test pilot, said the circumstances of the crash indicated that all on board had died.

“There is no chance to survive in such situation,” he said, according to the Interfax news agency. “The plane gets instantly blown into pieces.”

The Tu-154 is a Soviet-built three-engine airliner designed in the late 1960s. More than 1,000 have been built, and they have been used extensively by carriers in Russia and worldwide. The plane that crashed was built in 1983, and underwent factory check-ups and maintenance in 2014 and earlier this year, according to the Defense Ministry.

Senior Russian lawmakers had ruled out a terror attack, arguing that the military plane was tightly secured. But Sokolov, the minister overseeing the rescue efforts in Sochi, said investigators are considering all possibilities.

Some experts noted that the crew’s failure to report a malfunction pointed at a possible terror attack.

“Possible malfunctions … certainly wouldn’t have prevented the crew from reporting them,” Vitaly Andreyev, a former senior Russian air traffic controller, told RIA Novosti, adding that it points at an “external impact.”

Russian planes have been brought down previously by terror attacks.

In October 2015, a Russian passenger plane carrying mostly Russian tourists back from vacation in Egypt was brought down by a bomb over the Sinai, killing all 224 people aboard. Officials said the explosive device was planted in the plane’s luggage compartment. The local affiliate of the Islamic State group claimed responsibility.

In August 2004, two Russian planes were blown up in the skies over Russia by suicide bombers, killing 89 people. A Chechen warlord claimed responsibility for the twin attacks, which happened on the same day.

The Russian military has repeatedly flown groups of Russian singers and artists to perform at Hemeimeem, which serves as the main hub for the Russian air campaign in Syria. New Year’s is the main holiday for most Russians.

The passenger list for the Sochi plane released by the Defense Ministry included 64 members of the Alexandrov Ensemble, including its leader, Valery Khalilov. The ensemble, often referred to as the Red Army choir, is the official choir of the Russian military and also includes a band and a dance company. The choir sang “Get Lucky” at the opening of the 2014 Winter Olympic Games that Russia hosted in Sochi, becoming an instant online sensation.

The damage to the choir was reported to be extensive. Viktor Yeliseyev, head of the rival choir of the Russian National Guard, said “most singers of the choir have died.”

Also on board was Yelizaveta Glinka, a Russian doctor who has won wide acclaim for her charity work, which has included missions to war zones in eastern Ukraine and Syria. Her foundation said Glinka was accompanying a shipment of medicine for a hospital in Syria.

Putin presented Glinka with an award earlier this month.

“We never feel sure that we will come back alive,” she said at the Kremlin award ceremony. “But we are sure that kindness, compassion and charity are stronger than any weapon.”

In recent years, Russian airlines have replaced their Tu-154s with more modern planes, but the military and some other government agencies in Russia have continued to use them. While noisy and fuel-guzzling by modern standards, the plane has been popular with crews that appreciate its maneuverability and ruggedness.

“It’s an excellent plane, which has proven its reliability during decades of service,” veteran pilot Oleg Smirnov said in televised remarks.

In April 2010, a Tu-154 carrying Polish President Lech Kaczynski and 95 others crashed while trying to land at a sporadically used military airport in Smolensk in western Russia, killing everyone on board. Investigations by both Polish and Russian experts blamed pilot error in bad weather conditions, but Polish authorities have launched a new probe.


Isachenkov reported from Moscow. Nataliya Vasilyeva in Moscow contributed to this report

Russian Ambassador to Turkey Is Assassinated in Ankara

Russian Ambassador to Turkey Is Assassinated in Ankara

(The New York Times) — ISTANBUL — Russia’s ambassador to Turkey was assassinated at an Ankara art exhibit on Monday evening by a lone Turkish gunman shouting “God is great!” and “don’t forget Aleppo, don’t forget Syria!” in what Russia called a terrorist attack.

The gunman, who was described by Ankara’s mayor as a policeman, also wounded at least three others in the assault, which was captured on Turkish video, before he was killed by other officers in a shootout.

The assassination instantly vaulted relations between Turkey and Russia to a new level of crisis over the protracted Syria conflict on Turkey’s southern doorstep. It came after days of protests by Turks angry over Russia’s support for Syria’s government in the conflict and the Russian role in the killings and destruction in Aleppo, the northern Syrian city.

The envoy, Andrey G. Karlov, was shot from behind and immediately fell to the floor while speaking at an exhibition, according to multiple accounts from the scene, the Contemporary Arts Center in the Cankaya area of Ankara.

The gunman, wearing a dark suit and tie, was seen in video footage of the assault shouting in Arabic: “God is great! Those who pledged allegiance to Muhammad for jihad. God is great!”

Then he switched to Turkish and shouted: “Don’t forget Aleppo, don’t forget Syria! Step back! Step back! Only death can take me from here.”

Turkish officials said that the gunman was killed after a shootout with Turkish Special Forces police. The assailant’s identity was not immediately known.

Russia’s Foreign Ministry spokeswoman, Maria Zakharova, told the Rossiya 24 news channel that Mr. Karlov had died of his wounds in what she described as a terrorist attack.

CNN Turk published images showing several people lying on the floor of the gallery.

Russia’s Tass news agency initially quoted witnesses of the attack as saying that there had been an “assassination attempt” against Mr. Karlov, and that he had been shot from behind while finishing his opening remarks at the opening of the exhibition, called “Russia Through Turks’ Eyes.”

The attack was a rare instance of an assassination of any Russian envoy. Historians said it might have been the first since Pyotr Voykov, a Soviet ambassador to Poland, was shot to death in Warsaw in 1927.

While the Russian and Turkish governments back different sides in the Syria conflict, they had been collaborating in recent days in efforts to evacuate civilians from Aleppo.

Mr. Karlov, who started his career as a diplomat in 1976, worked extensively in North Korea over two decades, before moving to the region in 2007, according to a biography on the Russian Embassy’s website. He became ambassador in July 2013.

Breaking News: Russian ambassador Andrei Karlov shot and injured in Turkey

Andrei KarlovAndrei Karlov was visiting a photo gallery in the Turkish capital

The Russian ambassador to Ankara, Andrei Karlov, has been wounded by a gunman while visiting a photo gallery in the Turkish capital.

Several other people were reportedly also injured in the attack, a day after protests in Turkey over Russia’s military intervention in Syria.

According to Russian TV, the ambassador had been attending an exhibition called “Russia as seen by Turks”.

Reports suggest the gunman was later killed by police.

Video of the event shows Mr Karlov making a speech when gunshots ring out.

The gunman after the attack in AnkaraImage copyrightAP
Image captionThe gunman strutted around shouting slogans

The camera pulls back to show a smartly dressed gunman, wearing a suit and tie, waving a pistol and shouting.

He can be heard yelling “Don’t forget about Aleppo, don’t forget about Syria” and uses the Islamic phrase “Allahu Akbar” (God is great”).

US state department spokesman John Kirby said US officials were aware of reports about the attack on the ambassador.

“We condemn this act of violence, whatever its source,” he said. “Our thoughts and prayers are with him and his family.”

While there were protests in recent days, on a political level the Turkish and Russian governments have been co-operating in the Aleppo ceasefire operation, the BBC’s Turkey correspondent, Mark Lowen, reports.

It is too early to know the motives of the attacker, who has not yet been named. Some reports say he entered the art gallery using a police ID card, our correspondent adds.

Black people in America: Ugly questions loom after look at U.S. Justice Department’s police racism files: Neil Macdonald

WARNING: The videos in this story contain graphic images

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Race and Policing in Chicago 17:31



Anyone tempted to dismiss the angry, in-your-face tactics of the Black Lives Matter movement — “What’s their problem, anyway? Don’t all lives matter?” — should spend a little time browsing the special litigation section of the U.S. Department of Justice.

There, in arid legalese, you will find what amount to indictments of 32 police departments in 19 states and two territories, many of them for violent, racist behaviour.

You will, for example, find the sorry tale of Baltimore’s police department.

Baltimore’s officers have for years indulged in a pattern of unconstitutional stops, searches and arrests, blatantly targeting black people.

Of the 410 Baltimore residents stopped or searched at least 10 times over six years, 95 per cent were black. One black man was stopped 30 times in that period, and never once arrested or charged with anything. (Incidentally, when BPD officers did stop or search a white person, they were twice as likely to find contraband.)

The report, released earlier this year, described the tendency of Baltimore police to quickly and brutally deal with anyone foolish enough to speak up for his or her rights, especially blacks.

It laid out a pattern of excessive force; juveniles, it said, were treated as roughly as adults.

‘His spine just broke by itself, right?’

And then there was the grim case of Freddie Gray, 25, whose neck was broken in Baltimore police custody last year.

Gray was tackled by police who found him suspicious, and, after noticing a small knife clipped inside his pocket, arrested and charged him.

He went into a police van shackled. By the time he arrived at the station, his spinal cord was severed, and he was comatose.

The state’s attorney, a woman named Marilyn Mosby, decided to lay charges. First of all, she said, Gray’s folding knife was not illegal (and remember, this is a country where it is legal not just to bear arms, but in many states, to carry a pistol openly). Second, she determined, someone had to be held accountable for the death of a young black man who, as far as she could tell, had broken no law, other than walking around while black.

Then a familiar system clicked in. Police protested angrily. Conservatives accused Mosby, who is black, of everything from hating police to breaking the law herself. The familiar blue wall went up.

And one after another, until Mosby gave up and dropped the case, the officers involved were set free by judges.

Black Americans were told: sorry, unfortunate, but the courts have spoken.

As Prof. Eddie Glaude, head of the African American studies program at Princeton University, put it: “I’m supposed to be kind of comfortable with the fact that you know … Freddie Gray’s spine cracked on its own. You know, as if that happened without anybody doing it? That’s what the courts seemed to suggest, that his spine just broke by itself, right?”

Glaude’s disgust is shared by millions of other black Americans. Thanks to the explosive use of phone video, something loathed by police, what’s been going on for hundreds of years in America is now on YouTube for every American to judge for him or herself.

It’s ugly, it’s frightening, and the question “would this have happened to a white person?” looms over it all.

There’s Philando Castile in Minnesota, shot to death through his car window by a policeman while trying to produce the concealed carry permit for the weapon he’d informed the officer he was legally carrying.

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Philando Castile shooting aftermath 9:49

There’s Eric Garner, 43, choked to death by police in Long Island, N.Y., after being rousted for selling loose cigarettes. As he died, he croaked that he couldn’t breathe. The head of New York’s police union contemptuously declared that anyone who can say he can’t breathe can obviously still breathe.

There is Walter Scott, shot in the back after trying to flee an officer in South Carolina who’d pulled him over for a broken tail light. The cop, unaware that he was being recorded, then cuffed the corpse and later appeared to drop something on the ground beside him.

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Police dashcam footage moments before shooting of Walter Scott 4:02

There was Alton Sterling, shot several times at close range by Baton Rouge police who’d already pinned him down and immobilized him.

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U.S. police shooting caught on camera 0:27

And so many others, always justified by police.

But there’s always one episode, or person, that becomes a proxy for everything else. And the one that tipped over the official manure spreader was Laquan McDonald, who, in October 2014, ran across the wrong policeman in Chicago.

The rallying cry of Laquan McDonald

McDonald was a 17-year-old with a record of truancy and a juvenile sheet of petty offences, not unusual for a product of Chicago’s poor, despair-soaked black neighborhoods.

Initially, police responded to a report that he was breaking into cars; when they confronted him, he stupidly broke a cruiser’s window, and used a jackknife to vandalize one of its tires. Within minutes, he was dead.

Police immediately issued the usual claim of self-defence. McDonald, they said, had appeared crazed, and had lunged at an officer with his knife. The shooter, Officer Jason Van Dyke, told investigators he feared for his own life.


Demonstrators gather after marching at the Louisiana Capitol on July 9, 2016. (Mark Wallheiser/Getty Images)

Van Dyke’s fellow officers backed him 100 per cent. No charges were laid. And that’s the way the story stood for nearly a year.

Unfortunately for the police, though, there are access to information laws in America.

Jamie Kalven, a white Chicago civil rights activist, doggedly pursued the details of the autopsy on McDonald, and when he finally obtained them, the rotten smell was evident.

McDonald had been shot 16 times, from various angles, nine times in the back. It also turned out that the jackknife, when recovered from his body, was folded.

Kalven suspected McDonald had been killed not for menacing a cop’s life, but for another serious crime, one that is not on any official law books: Contempt of cop.

Kalven also discovered, from a whistleblower, that there was extensive dashcam video of the shooting, video the Chicago police were refusing to release.

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Fatal shooting of Laquan McDonald (edited version of graphic dashcam video) 1:49

The matter finally went to court, and in November 2015, a little more than a year after the shooting, a judge ordered the video released.

There were actually several videos, and some of them were found to have been tampered with. There was also footage from the camera of a nearby Burger King, which police had quickly confiscated and erased.

Nonetheless, what video remained proved what Kalven had suspected: a far-reaching official coverup.

McDonald, it turned out, was walking away from police when Officer Van Dyke suddenly ran up and opened fire. There was a pause, and Van Dyke began firing again into the prone body.

The state’s attorney, after more than a year of considering the case, charged Van Dyke with murder the very day the video was released.

It all lit a smoking national fuse. Black Americans from coast to coast watched in inchoate anger, and the Black Lives Matter coalition, which had already made a national impression following the killing of another black man in Ferguson, Mo., earlier in 2015, mobilized, sensing a national moment was at hand.

2015 photos of the year Chicago police Laquan McDonald BLM protest Nov 25

Lamon Reccord stares at a Chicago police officer as he and others march through Chicago’s Loop on Nov. 25, 2015, one day after murder charges were brought against police officer Jason Van Dyke in the killing of 17-year-old Laquan McDonald. (Charles Rex Arbogast/Associated Press)

Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel recognized a disaster when he saw it. He apologized and conceded Chicago police racism, choking up in public.

‘You hear it over and over and over again — bad police, bad police, bad police. That’s the narrative you hear.’-Dean Angelo, president, Fraternal Order of Police, Chicago

At Chicago’s Fraternal Order of Police, union president Dean Angelo felt betrayed. Betrayed by pusillanimous politicians, and under pressure from black activists he clearly thinks distort reality.

“You hear it over and over and over again — bad police, bad police, bad police. That’s the narrative you hear,” he told me.

“And we have politicians here that call me on the phone and say, ‘How you doin’, we’re worried about you guys and you do such a great job. Um, but you know, make sure you don’t tell anybody I called. But just so you know, I’ve got your back.’ And I’m like, ‘Hell you do.'”

There was certainly no sympathy in Washington. The Justice Department got involved and will almost certainly add Chicago’s police to the long list of departments under special legal sanction.

Death by video

But Laquan McDonald had become an icon, and protests kept intensifying nationwide, as more videos of black men being killed by police seemed to pop up weekly. By early last summer, during a Black Lives Matter protest in Dallas, an angry lone gunman opened fire on police, killing several.

Similarly, police in Baton Rouge were lured into a deadly trap after the killing of Alton Sterling. Other gunmen attacked police in Tennessee, Georgia and Missouri.

Black Lives Matter suddenly found itself forced to repudiate violence its members hadn’t committed, while conservatives used the episodes to denounce the movement as cop-killing anarchists.

Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump, never missing a chance to push angry white buttons, agreed with Fox News Channel’s Bill O’Reilly that BLM activists are “fuse-lighters.”

Just about no one, of course, asked what the white Americans who publicly tote around assault rifles and handguns would do if whites were being systematically rousted and disproportionately gunned down by police.

Well, comedian Bill Maher did: “I’m surprised somebody did not fire back sooner,” he said on MSNBC, stoking conservative fury.

WIP Alton Sterling death protests in Baton Rouge July 9 2016

A man protesting the shooting death of Alton Sterling is detained by law enforcement near the headquarters of the Baton Rouge Police Department on July 9, 2016. (Jonathan Bachman/Reuters)

At Princeton this month, Glaude told me the young black people leading demonstrations now grew up “witnessing a level of death by video” he never experienced at that age.

Glaude says this new generation is done with hopeful engagement and patiently waiting for change: “I do know that a lot of folks in our communities were talking about what happened in Dallas before Dallas happened.”

Asked what that means, Glaude shoots back: “That they keep killing our kids. That these kids are going to wind up killing them, right? That’s a barbershop conversation, right? And I’m not urging that, I’m just saying this is the reality of what do you, what do you do, right, when you comply, and you still end up dead?”

Arguments about arms

Others, more radical than Glaude, have suggested that black Americans take the advice the National Rifle Association offers all Americans: arm themselves systematically, and begin carrying weapons to protests in the many states that now legally permit “open carry.”

Heaven knows white gun activists do that.

After all, says the NRA, “an armed society is a polite society,” and no one needs official politeness more than black Americans.

But everyone knows what a disaster that could be. In the eyes of American police, armed blacks are entirely different than armed whites. The Black Panthers armed themselves in the ’60s, and were crushed, two of their leaders assassinated in their sleep by Chicago police.


A demonstrator sits in front of a street fire during a protest that broke out after a grand jury in Ferguson, Miss., decided not to indict a white police officer over the fatal shooting of Michael Brown. (Stephen Lam/Reuters)

If law-abiding black Americans began collectively availing themselves of their Second Amendment rights, the way the overwhelmingly white membership of the NRA does, how long would it take before some militarized police force, somewhere in America, opened fire, claiming self-defence?

It may indeed be that Black Lives Matter had a moment on their hands after the video of Laquan McDonald’s killing was made public.

But they’ve since run into powerful forces they must have known were there, and that doesn’t just mean Trump-style “alt-right” conservatives.

Police, mocking their message, have begun using the hashtag #BlueLivesMatter in reply.

And of course, Americans who see themselves as “colour-blind” like to say “All Lives Matter.” Even Hillary Clinton has used that line, in a black church, no less.

Blissfully oblivious?

The truth is, even after all the video of all the killings, and all the special litigations of the U.S. Justice Department, America remains a deeply segregated nation, and white Americans remain happily oblivious, counting on police to protect them, willing to overlook a few excesses if that’s what it takes.

Leaving Chicago on a warm autumn night last month, I suddenly found myself in a moving ocean of Bears fans on South Michigan Avenue.

In a parking lot near my hotel, a tailgate party was revving up.

It was quite the sight: a bunch of white sports fans having a hell of a time, barbecuing dogs and burgers and knocking back beer right on one of the busiest streets of the city, in the open.

I flipped the frame, as someone like Glaude would suggest, and tried to imagine what would happen if a bunch of black people showed up in one of the most expensive neighbourhoods of Chicago and started setting up outdoor cooking equipment and drinking openly.

To ask that question is to answer it. The thing is, almost nobody does ask.

Back in Chicago, police union president Angelo leans back amid years of police mementos and grip-and-grin photos.

“We’re not racist,” he says. “We don’t like anybody. We don’t care who you are.”

It’s an old joke, from another era. And it was never very funny.

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